There are Total thirty districts in the Pakistani province of Sindh.
The Karachi district is bounded on the north by the Lasbella district of Baluchistan, on the south east by Thatta district, on the south and south west by the Arabian Sea. The total area of the district is 1,357sq. miles. The main characteristic of the district is that it is the smallest distict in respect of area and the largest in respect of population. On the whole the weather of Karachi is pleasant though occasionally sultry. The temperature fluctuates around 90ºF to 107ºF in summer, while in winter temperature ramins at 40ºF to 65ºF. Average rainfall does not exceed from 5 to 6 inches, however, most of the seasons go without rain.
The district is bounded on the north by the Khairpur District, on the west by the river indus on the south by the Hyderabad and the Khairpur Districts on the East by the Khairpur and Sanghar districts. The total area of the district is 2896 Sq. Miles. Except for the portion of the Nawabshah Taluka (979 Sq. Miles) which is desert , the district forms a part of the alluvial plain of the indus.The climate of the district is hot in summer and cold in winter. The maximum temperature during summer is recorded as 120ºF and the minimum temperature in the winter fluctuates around 36ºF. The rainfall is very scanty and average rainfall during the year is recorded from 5 to 7 inches.
The Dadu district is a long strip of land, flanked on the west by mountain ranges, on the east, the river indus draws the boundary. It is about 200 miles in length and 60 miles in breadth. The total area of the district is 7,342sq. miles and it occupies the second position in respect of area in Sindh. The climate is hot in summer and moderate in winter, but it differs considerably in the north and the south. The southern region ismore pleasant as compared to the northern region. The annual mean temperature fluctuates from 70º to 80ºF. Rainfall is very scanty. The economy of the district is mainly agricultural, except an industrial area at Kotri. Wheat, rice, sugarcane and cotton are the main crops. The district is very rich in mineral resources. Gypsum, limestone, silica and Fuller’s Earth are largely found in the Kohistan area. Coal has also been discovered in the district and coal reserves are estimated to be over 30 million tons.
The Khairpur district lies in the northern sindh at a distance of 13 miles on the south of Sukkur. The south east portion of the district is desert and the rest is fortile plain. To the east of the river indus lies a plain which merges further eastward into the great Rajputana desert. It covers an area of 6018 Sq.Miles and occupies sixth position in respect of area in Sindh. The district has extremes of climate. During summer the temperature sometimes reaches upto 120 ºF., while in winter it comes down to 30ºF. rainfall is very scanty in the district.
The Larkana district is bounded on the north by Baluchistan province, on the east by the sukkur and the Khairpur districts, on the south by the Dadu district and on the west kohistan area. The indus river touches the eastern border comprising Ratodero, Larkana and Dokri talukas. The total area of the district is 2866 Sq. Miles. Its position in respect of area is 10th in Sindh. The climate of the district is hot in summer and cold in winter. The maximum temperture in summer rises to 110ºF and in winter comes down to 60ºF. Rainfall is poor, average of 4″ to 5″ a year.
The Hyderabad District is a part of the indus plain and has a uniform character. It is bounded in the north by the Sanghar District, in the north east by the Nawabshah district, on the east by the Dadu and the Tharparkar districts and on the west by Tharparkar district. The total area of the district is 4,969sq. miles and it occupies the sixth position respect of area in Sindh. The climate of the district on the whole is moderate. During the summer, the wind direction is south-west and in winter, north-west Specially in the month of May and June, hot winds, laden with dust, blow in the day but nights are very pleasant. The months of May and June are very hot in summer, the maximum temperature is 112ºf, minimum 78.2ºF. In winter, maximum temperature goes upto 88.8ºF, minimum comes down to 50.6ºF in the district. The highest temperature recorded is 120ºF. There is always an abrupt fall in the temperature at nights. The average rainfall in the district is about 7 to 8 inches, however the maximum rain is recorded at about 16 inches. The major portion of the district is irrigated by a net work of canals and a small area is also irrigated by wells and tubewells. There are two important barrages viz. the Sukkur Barrage and the Ghulam Mohammad Barrage. There are three main canals, Phuleli, Pinyari and Lined channel.
The total area of the Thatta district is 6,933sq. miles. The average length of the district is 105 miles and the average breadth is 95 miles. The north western area of the district is hilly tract, known as Kohistan, connecting with the mountainous areas of the Dadu and the Kalat districts. The river indus divides the district into two sb-divisions, Thatta and Shahbunder. Climate of the district is moderate as a whole and is tempered by the sea-breeze. During the monsoon period, the sky is cloudy. The cold weather in Thatta starts from the beginning of November. The maximum temperature in summer does not exceed 115ºF, while the minimum in winter does not fall below 30ºF. The average rainfall recorded is six inches per year.
Shikarpur is a famous town in Upper Sindh, 18 miles away from the Sindhu river. It is, however joined to it by Sindh canal. It stands 194ft. above sea level. Shikarpur has an extremely rich soil, which does not require even manure. Hence it has a large agricultural yield of cotton, rice, etc. it is surrounded by rose gardens and orchards. It has a big grain Mandi. The Hindu Sethias, who traded with Central Asia and countries beyond the Caspian sea, contributed handsomely to its prosperity. It stands on the direct route to Afghanistan and Khurasan. It was Shikarpur, that the British coveted first in Sindh. Kothis of the Shikarpuri Shroffs, Bankers and traders were established as far as East Europe and Far East Asia. Their Hundis were famous the world over and were considered equal to gold, shikarpuris brought all their earnings to their own town, and filled their homes with diamonds and other precious stones. Shikarpur got a municipality in 1855, whereafter many hospitals and educational institutions were built there. It was part of Sukkur district which was subsequently carved out and made a separate district in 1977. Shikarpur is named so, because actually there was a thick forest there, abounding in game, and was the hunting ground of the Mirs.
The Sukkur district is located on the right bank of the river indus. The district is surrounded on the north by the Jaccobabad district, on the south by Khairpur, on the east by the Rahim Yar Khan district and on the west by the Larkana district. The area of the district is 5,531sq. miles and it occupies the fifth position in respect of area. The district has extremes of climate; the minimum and maximum mean temperatures during summer are recorded at 73ºF to 114ºF, respectively during winter 37ºF to 85ºF and during spring 61ºF to 109ºF. The rainfall is poor, in this district, the average being 2 to 3 inches in a year. However it is learnt that recently northern portion of the district was carved out and made a separate district headquartered at Ghotki. At present its dimensions are not known. Sukkur city is famous for Sukkur Barrage, Lancedown bridge, Ayub bridge, Lab-e-Mehran, Sadbella, Zindahpeer, Masoomshah Munara and many more places.
The Tharparkar district is bounded on the north by the Sanghar district, on the west by the Hyderabad district, on the south by the Rann of Kutch and on the east by Jaisalmir and Marwar (India). The total area of the district is 13,435sq. miles. The district has two distinct portions-the irrigated area on the western side and the desert area on the eastern side. This is the biggest district of Sindh in respect of area. The climate differs considerably in the two portions of the district. In the irrigated portion, the climate is temperate. The maximum temperature during summer is recorded as 115ºF, and the minimum temperature in winter fluctuates around 70ºF. The average rainfall during a year is recorded at 6 inches.
|The Sanghar district, on the whole, is a flat alluvial plain except small portions of the Sanghar and Khipro taluakas, which are desert areas. It is one of the most fertile districts of Sindh. The total area of the district is 4,142sq. miles and its position is seventh in respect of area in Sindh. Climate is hot and dry in summer, and cold and dry in winter, with scanty rainfall. The maximum temperature in summer goes up to 120ºF, and in winter drops as low as 30ºF. The economy of the district is mainly agricultural and the methods of cultivation are still primitive. Wheat, rice, cotton, oil seeds are the major crops. The total cultivated area in 1969-1970, stood at 1150 thousand acres. A considerable area is also affected by waterlogging and salinity.|