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Who are sindhi’s


India’s Partition: A Turning Point for Sindhis In 1947, India was divided into two countries. This event, called Partition, was a difficult time for many people, especially the Sindhis. Sindhis lived in a region called Sindh, which became part of the new country of Pakistan. This meant Sindhis had to leave their homes and way of life behind.

Starting Over: Sindhis in India It was hard for Sindhis to start over in India. They left behind everything they knew and owned. In India, they faced some prejudice. But Sindhis didn’t give up! They wanted to find new homes and build new communities, all while keeping their Sindhi culture alive.

History of Sindhis in India

The history of Sindhis in India is deeply connected to the 1947 Partition of India and Pakistan. Sindh, now a province of Pakistan, was home to a significant Hindu population, including Sindhis. The division of India along religious lines caused widespread persecution of Hindus in the newly formed Pakistan. This led to a mass exodus of Sindhis to India, seeking refuge and a new beginning.

This migration caused immense hardship for Sindhis. Leaving behind homes, businesses, and possessions, they endured a perilous journey to India. Settling initially in Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra, they gradually spread throughout the country. Despite initial challenges, the Sindhi community has shown remarkable resilience, integrating into Indian society while establishing new businesses and thriving in fields like real estate, media, and education.

Importantly, the name “India” derives from the Indus River (known as Sindhu), highlighting Sindhis’ historical ties to the Indian subcontinent.

Sindhi’s Contributions to India

Sindhis are lauded for their entrepreneurial spirit and business acumen. Their influence extends to diverse sectors, including real estate, media, and education. Numerous Sindhi-owned establishments like hospitals and educational institutions are well-respected within their communities. Sindhis have played a pivotal role in the development of India:

  • National Integration: The name India itself has roots in Sindhi history, derived from the Indus River (called Sindhu in the region). Thus, Sindhis are an integral part of the Indian cultural fabric. Rabindranath Tagore’s inclusion of Sindh in India’s national anthem further solidifies this connection.
  • Politics: Sindhis have been active in Indian politics, with figures like former Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani being notable examples.
  • Entertainment: Bollywood boasts significant Sindhi actors presence like Ranveer Singh and Govinda, filmmakers such as Karan Johar and Vashu Bhagnani, and celebrated musicians like Vishal Dadlani.

Is Sindhi language dying?

There are concerns that the language may be dying out in India, as younger generations of Sindhis are increasingly opting to speak other languages, particularly English and Hindi. A lot of in sindhi’s are at loggerheads with the Indian government to start a sindhi TV channel. There are sindhi TV channels, but all of these are stationed in Pakistan. But thanks to internet, we do have a Sindhi YouTube channels.

This trend is thought to be driven by a variety of factors, including the influence of English as a global language, the increasing importance of Hindi in Indian society, and the pressures of assimilation into mainstream Indian culture. As a result, there are fears that the rich cultural heritage of Sindhi language and literature may be lost in the coming years. However, there are also efforts being made to preserve and promote Sindhi language and culture in India, and it is important that these efforts continue in order to ensure the survival of this unique and valuable part of India’s cultural heritage.

Sindhis in other parts of the world

The Sindhi presence extends far beyond India and Pakistan. A significant Sindhi diaspora exists worldwide, driven by the pursuit of economic opportunity, education, and a higher quality of life. Notable Sindhi communities thrive in countries like Hong Kong, the United Arab Emirates, the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

Sindhis have a reputation for being adaptable and entrepreneurial, making significant contributions to their adopted nations. They have established thriving businesses and excelled in various professional fields. Despite the distance, Sindhi communities maintain a strong connection to their cultural identity. Festivals, music, and cuisine are celebrated within the diaspora and shared with others, enriching the cultural landscape of their new homes.

The strong community ties within the Sindhi diaspora, coupled with efforts by organizations and individuals dedicated to cultural preservation, ensure that Sindhi traditions and heritage live on around the world.

Why sindhi Surname end with ani?

Sindhi surnames often end with the suffix “-ani.” This tradition stems from the Sanskrit word “ansh,” signifying “descended from” or “part of.” The suffix indicates a shared lineage with a common male ancestor. For example, the surname “Vaswani” suggests descent from an ancestor named Vasu.

This practice mirrors that of Parsi surnames, which frequently end with “-wala” to denote a profession or place of origin. Both customs reveal a fascinating insight into the cultural practice of tracing one’s heritage.

Ansh colloquially became ani and therefore we have Sindhi surname like Vaswani , gopalani , chandnani and so on, which signifies that their descendent were Gopal, Vasu, Chandan.

Sindhi Cuisine

Sindhi cuisine reflects its diverse influences, blending Hindu and Muslim flavors. This unique culinary style, influenced by Sufi traditions, is famous for its spicy and sweet dishes. Popular choices include sai bhaji (a hearty spinach stew), biryani, and kofta (meatballs).

Sindh has a long coastline, so seafood is also a popular ingredient in Sindhi dishes. The most common spices used in Sindhi cuisine are cumin, chili peppers, turmeric, cloves, and cardamom. Sindhi food is often served with raita (a yogurt-based sauce) and chutney.

As we know that people tease sindhis about is their love for papad.

And this every sindhi will admit is true atleast partially.In sindhi Papad, Urad daal salt and minerals came together to form a crisp snack that was nutritious and good for digestion.

There are so many delicious dishes in the Sindhi cuisine such as Sai baji , Sindhi curry, aloo tuk and seyal maani just to name a few.

Signature Dishes: Here are some famous Sindhi foods to try:

  • Sai Bhaji: A hearty mixed vegetable stew, perfect with rice or roti (flatbread).
  • Sindhi Curry: A rich curry made with potatoes, spices, and a yogurt-based sauce.
  • Koki: A thick, spiced flatbread often eaten for breakfast.
  • Dal Pakwan: Crispy fried bread enjoyed with a comforting lentil stew.

They even have their own version of macroni. The story goes that the Italian sindhis would bring macaroni back home which the women of that time didn’t know how to cook, but they knew that aloo and tomatos make a dish very tasty

so they took tomatos, chopped them and turned them into “macaroni ki sabji” i.e sindhi style macaroni


In conclusion, the Sindhi people are an integral and valued part of the cultural fabric of India. Their rich and diverse cultural and historical background has contributed significantly to the vibrancy and diversity of Indian society. From their migration to India following the partition of the country in 1947, to their contributions in various fields and their vibrant cultural traditions, Sindhis have made a lasting impact on their new home.

It is important to understand and celebrate the diversity of cultures within India, and to recognize the unique and valuable contributions of each community. By learning about and appreciating the rich cultural heritage of Sindhi’s and other minority groups in India, we can work towards a more inclusive and harmonious society.

Q1. Which state has most Sindhis in India

The state of Gujarat has the highest number of Sindhis in India.

Q2. Sindhi’s are veg or non veg?

Sindhis in India are predominantly vegetarian, although some may also include non-vegetarian dishes in their diet.

Q3. Where do originally Sindhis come from?

Sindhis are an ethnic group native to the Sindh province of Pakistan.

Q4. Why did sindhis leave pakistan?

Many Sindhis migrated to India after the partition of India in 1947, which led to the creation of the independent countries of India and Pakistan. Some Sindhis may have also left Pakistan for other reasons, such as economic opportunities.

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